PACT is a collaborative activity between the Universities of: Cranfield, Edinburgh, Imperial College, Leeds, Nottingham and Sheffield. It forms part of the UK Carbon Capture & Storage Research Centre (UKCCSRC) ( jointly funded by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).

The University of Sheffield has a global reputation for pioneering high impact research and is ranked as a world top-100 university with 86% of its research considered as internationally recognised or World leading. Its Engineering departments are ranked in the top five in the UK for the impact and quality of research.

The University of Sheffield is a founder member of the UK CCS Research Centre and manages and operates the UK national CCS test facilities: PACT. The PACT facilities are internationally renowned specialist facilities for R&D in bioenergy, advanced fossil-fuel energy, and carbon capture and storage/utilisation technologies for power generation and industrial applications.

Established in 2012 with funding from UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, PACT has a range of integrated pilot-scale test rigs including: gas/biogas turbine CHP units, pulverised coal/biomass air/oxyfuel combustion rig, biomass grate boiler and synthetic gas mixing facility for modulated/synthetic flue/process gasses; all integrated with 1 tonne a day amine-based post combustion plant; and state of the art online and lab-based analytical facilities; and supporting system and process modelling capability.

The facilities provide a platform for cutting-edge integrated systems R&D, technical feasibility studies and the testing of design concepts for scale-up to enable and catalyse technology development and commercialisation. PACT works with a wide range of stakeholders in the UK and around the world including research organisations, universities, SMEs and large national and multinational companies. It is involved in national and international R&D and training projects with total projects value in excess of over £40m.

PACT is internationally recognised for its work in carbon capture and energy technologies as reflected by its UK-representative membership of ECCSEL and the International CCS Test Centre Network, and the operational management and research service provision for the International Flame Research Foundation with prestigious global membership some 130 organisations representing the power generation, petroleum refining, iron and steel, cement, glass, and chemical manufacturing industries as well as combustion equipment manufacturers, fuels producers and distributors, research institutes, universities, trade associations, and energy policy makers. The University of Sheffield additionally hosts the UK Centre for Carbon Dioxide Utilisation (CDU) and manages CO2Chem – the world’s largest networking and research community for academics and industrialists interested in CO2 conversion. It is also a partner in the national PhD training centre (Centre for Doctoral Training) for CCS and bioenergy, providing regular training for PhD students and UKCCSRC applicants.


The Pilot-scale Advanced CO2 Capture Technology (PACT) facilities are the national specialist research and development facilities for combustion and carbon capture technology research, encompassing advanced fossil-fuel energy, bioenergy and carbon capture and storage/utilisation technologies for power generation and industrial applications.

The PACT facilities bring together a comprehensive range of integrated pilot-scale and accompanying specialist research and analytical facilities, supported by leading academic expertise.

PACT facilities bridge the gap between bench-scale R&D and large-scale industrial pilot trials, enabling users to develop and demonstrate their technologies to provide the necessary commercial confidence before committing to the significant costs of large-scale trails.

Our aim is to support and catalyse industrial and academic research. By doing so, our ambition is to accelerate the development and commercialisation of novel technologies for carbon capture and clean power generation and ultimately reduce greenhouse gas emissions from both power generation and energy intensive industries.

PACT is currently involved in over 30 projects worth in excess of £41m, with grant allocation of over £4.5m.

PACT collaborates with over 120 organisations internationally, and by July 2017 the Core Facilities had hosted over 1300 visitors from 287 organisations, including 70 academics and 217 industrial organisations.

A testament to PACT’s success is the international recognition received for its work in carbon capture and energy technologies reflected by its custodianship of the International CCS Test Centre Network (ITCN), membership of the European CCS Laboratory Infrastructure and the custodianship of the International Flame Research Foundation (IFRF).

Operator: The University of Sheffield

Location: Sheffield, UK

Offering: PACT offers the global CCUS community a unique facility to scale up multiple aspects of CCUS research

Shared access to state-of-the-art facilities provides a cost-effective and comprehensive research capability to both industry and academia.

Developers are able to test technologies for extended periods under commercially-representative conditions with solid/liquid/gas-derived flue gas and syngas/biogas. Additionally, the PACT facilities provide high quality training opportunities for early career researchers.

Amongst the 70 companies that have already carried out projects at PACT are: Alstom (now GE), Ansys UK, BG Group (now Shell), BOC-Linde, BP, Carbon Clean Solutions, C-Capture, Costain, Doosan Power Systems, Drax Group, EON (now Uniper), EDF, Fluent Europe, Howden, National Grid, Progressive Energy, PSE, SSE, Sembcorp, and Siemens AG.